Intensification of Rain-Fed Peanut Production in Sudan

Authors:Heidi Nafi, Hala Ezzat


The main purpose of this study was to assess the intensification of peanut production in the marginal rain-fed environment of Northern Kordofan, Sudan. The effect of fortification on yield was evaluated in three different experiments. In the first experiment, tissue processing (trapezoidal experiments) was based on an increase in the degree of intensification (from traditional production packages to improved production packages). Complete improved packaging for the stepwise approach includes increased density, new varieties, seed bottoms, micro doses (0.6 g NPK per bag) and coverage. Three levels of coverage and two levels of intensification constitute the second experiment (covering trial), while the third is a farm trial involving 20 farmers who tested two levels of intensification (farm trials). The average yield increase for the terrace test, coverage test and farm test were 75%, 61% and 32%, respectively. The results of the ladder test showed that the gross profit margin of farmers increased by 83% compared with the traditional practice. Farmers with limited resources can increase production by 18% and increase their cash income by 25%. Because farmers have different wealth status, they can choose the low-cost, low-risk component of the technology package, and farmers with more resources can achieve high cash income by adopting a perfect production package. In these experiments, coverage had no significant effect on yield.

Full Text:



Amooaghaie, R. 2011. The effect of hydro and osmopriming on alfalfa seed germination and antioxidant defenses under salt stress. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (33): 6268-6275.

Farooqi, Z.U.R., M.S. Nasir, A. Nasir, N. Zeeshan, I. Ayub, H. Rashid, M.U. Qamar, A. Sarwar and M.A. Akram. 2017. Evaluation and analysis of traffic noise in different zones of Faisalabad – an industrial city of Pakistan. Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes, 1 (4): 232-240.

Ghezal, N., I. Rinez, H. Sbai, I. Saad, M. Farooq, A. Rinez, I. Zribi and R. Haouala. 2016. Improvement of Pisum sativum salt stress tolerance by bio-priming their seeds using Typha angustifolia leaves aqueous extract. South African Journal of Botany, 105: 240-250.

Hassini, I., N. Baenas, D.A. Moreno, M. Carvajal, N. Boughanmi and M.D.C. Martinez Ballesta. 2017. Effects of seed priming, salinity and methyl jasmonate treatment on bioactive composition of Brassica oleracea var. Capitata (white and red varieties) sprouts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97 (8): 2291-2299.

Jafar, M.Z., M. Farooq, M.A. Cheema, I. Afzal, S.M.A. Basra, M.A. Wahid, T. Aziz and M. Shahid. 2012. Improving the performance of wheat by seed priming under saline conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 198 (1): 38-45.

Jamal, Y., M. Shafi, J. Bakht and M. Arif. 2011. Seed priming improves salinity tolerance of wheat varieties. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43 (6): 2683-2686.

Mir, H.R., S. Basu, M. Dadlani, S. Nagarajan and P. Aggarwal. 2014. Bio-physical and physiological changes associated with seed enhancement treatments in speciality maize (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 84 (7): 867-872.

Pereira, M.D., E.R. Soares, J.C. Lopes and E.E. de Lima E Borges. 2012. Priming of cubiu seeds. Revista Caatinga, 25 (3): 12-17.

Tiwari, T.N., D. Kamal and S.R. Prasad. 2016. Seed priming with growth regulators ameliorates salt stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 86 (8): 980-983.

Toklu, F., F.S. Baloch, T. Karakoy and H. Ozkan. 2015. Effects of different priming applications on seed germination and some agromorphological characteristics of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 39 (6): 1005-1013.


  • There are currently no refbacks.